( санскр. упанишад, letters. - sitting about(near)) - old
indian religious - philosophical comments to sacred books - ведам. The
case упанишад is made with 108 texts. Earliest of them concern to 8-6
вв. Up to AD, the others - to later time.
" Teachers Upanishad have proclaimed: the True is
open for knowledge; being universal, she(it) can be realized by
any person and at any time ". (the Scriptuses of the east, M.: Open
Company Izd. The house "Sofia", 2004.)
- Assembly of sacred books зороастрийской religions on
Зороастризм (about 1300 up to AD) is a
doctrine about division of Goods and Evil and about the future victory of Goods, about personal
of each person in this fight.
- (literally means " песнь Бхагавада ",
i.e. the god of Krishna) - one of most known parts "Махабхараты",
is devoted to religious - philosophical problems, an old indian religious
- philosophical poem which has come in эпический arch "Махабхараты" later.
Time of creation "Бхагавад-гиты" is usually defined(determined)
2-nd floor. 1-st thousand up to AD "Бхагавад-гита" represents
dialogue a boundary эпическим hero Ardzhunoj and the god Krishna and is a
religious - philosophical basis индуизма. Бхагавад-Гита it is considered the most full and precise statement
of philosophy Вед.
Конфуций (551 - 479 up to AD) - древнекитайский
the philosopher and the teacher, the founder конфуцианства. Characteristic feature
of doctrine Конфуция is антропоцентризм. In the centre of his(its) philosophical and
ethical constructions there were problems of the person, his(its) intellectual and
spiritual shape, his(its) place and a role in the world and a society.
Сократ (ок. 470 - 399 up to AD) - the well-known ancient
greek philosopher. Veins in Athenes where his(its) pupils were: Платон, Антисфен, Аристипп
etc. In the centre of attention Сократа - the person and his(its) soul. The philosophical
art named повивальным (майевтикой) as considered, that the
present teacher of wisdom should help to another to be born to own true.
Сократ spoke: " I Know, that nothing I know ". This saying,
in his(its) opinion, comprises that малику wisdom which only and
the person for one god is rather wise can have.
The consciousness of negligibility of own knowledge should, on belief Сократа,
is constant push the person to knowledge of the .
Дхаммапада (in translation with have fallen - " Stanzas of the law ")
- one of books буддистского a canon; component "Сутта-питаки"
(" Assemblies of texts "). It is created approximately in 3-2 вв. Up to AD. Under
legend Дхаммапада contains sayings itself Будды.
- The collection into which four Gospels
(Jesus Christ's biography) enter, Acts of sacred Apostles, messages of
sacred Apostles and Otkrovenie John Bogoslova.
" Jesus has told...: " I есмь a way and true and life;
nobody comes to the Father, as soon as through me...
Сие заповедую to you, yes like each other. "
Koran (Кэрьэн), the sacred book of the moslems professing
an islam, life regulating them, - wordly and spiritual, personal and public.
Freedom - a key word for Свами Вивекананды. His(its) religion
is accessible to everyone, she(it) conducts to Freedom.
" Each soul is potentially divine. Our purpose
- проявть this internal divinity, operating external and internal
human nature. Act as want - work, pray, use
the mental control or philosophy - choose to itself one or several
employment(occupations) it is pleasant - and be free. "
- The moral - ethical doctrine connecting mental energy of
the person with processes of a universe.
" Yoga as the maximum(supreme) communication(connection) with space achievements existed
in all centuries. Each doctrine contains the Yoga applied to a
step of evolution. Yogas do not deny each other. As branches of one tree, they
expand a shadow and give a cool to the traveller tired with heat.
The wanderer full by new forces will continue a way. It(he) has not taken away anything another's,
it(he) has not perverted aspiration, it(he) has admitted(allowed) the phenomenon of good fortune
it(he) has given freedom to forces сужденным, it(he) has seized the unique property.
Do not avoid forces of Yoga but as light carry them in twilight
of the not realized work. For the future we rise from dream. For the future we
update covers. For the future we eat. For the future we direct an idea. For
the future we collect forces.
At first we apply advice(councils) to life, and then we
shall make the name of Yoga of the nearest days. We shall hear steps of elements of Fire,
we shall be available to operate waves of a flame. Therefore we welcome the
senior Radzha Yoga and we confirm the future Агни Yoga. "